The characteristics and concept of educational philosophy

To sum up the author’s own experience in the study of educational philosophy, we can sort out the basic characteristics of the educational philosophy as follows: (1) Educational philosophy is the formation of the concept or concept of education for the main body of education and its phenomena, and is rational (2) The concept of education includes the concept of “good education” of the main body of education about the value orientation or tendency of “education should be”; (3) The concept of education is not an educational reality but comes from the consideration of educational reality , Is the main body of education conscious of the reality of education. Therefore, in theory, they are the clear understanding of education about the ideological carriers, that is, the concept holders. (4) The concept of education is a universal concept that has a wide extension and reflects the commonalities of concepts in activities such as educational thinking Or supernatural concepts, such as educational ideas, educational concepts, educational opinions, educational opinions, educational awareness, educational rationality, educational beliefs and education creeds are all concepts. The concept itself also contains the commonness of the above concepts. In addition, the concept of education is also manifested in the external form of the above concepts to show that it is both abstract and intuitive. Such as education purpose, education mission, education purpose, education ideal, education goal, education requirement, education principle and so on; (5) The education idea is in education practice, and has the orientation of guiding.
In view of the recognition of the basic characteristics of the above educational concept, we can make the following determination on the concept of education: The concept of education is the rational cognition and subjective requirement for the “education should be” formed by the main body of education in teaching practice and educational thinking. In his book Educational Language, I. Scheffler, a well-known analytical education scholar and a philosopher and Harvard philosopher, believes there are three kinds of declarative statements: (Note: Qu Baokui eds., “The Collection of Pedagogy, Education and Pedagogy Volume “, People’s Education Press, 1993 edition, pp. 31-37.) (1) The definition of regulation, refers to the definition of creation, that is, the author under the definition. The terms that are required to be defined in the same work always indicate the meaning of such a provision; (2) a descriptive definition, which refers to an appropriate description of the object being spoken or the method of use; (3) Explain clearly or implicitly “what should be.” Our definition of educational philosophy should belong to the definition of programmatic definition and programmatic synthesis. The concept of education can be either systematic or non-systematic, single or independent rational concept or concept, depending on the main body of education, “education should be” that is, the reality of education and research level, and their need to guide educational practice . Both systematic and non-systematic educational concepts have an impact on the educational practice of educational subjects.