The top ten ideas of 9、10

Ecological harmony concept
The growth of natural objects requires a good natural environment, and the healthy growth of human resources also needs a loose and harmonious social and ecological environment. Modern education advocates that educational activities should be regarded as an organic ecological whole, which includes not only the affinity, harmony and harmony among teachers, students, classes, practices, elements and methods of education but also education Activities and education of people living facilities and cultural atmosphere of the collaborative interaction, harmony and unity, the harmonious and harmonious spirit of education in each focus on the organic elements and links, and ultimately the formation of a unified education ecosystem as a whole, so that the healthy growth of talent The required soil, sunlight, nutrition, moisture, air and other factors have a harmonious resonance, to achieve ecological harmony and education. Therefore, modern education advocates “harmonious education” and pursues the overall construction of an organic “ecological” educational environment so as to achieve the goal of teaching and educating people as a whole, managing and educating people, serving and educating people, and educating people in the environment so as to create the most talent growth Good ecological zone, promote the healthy and harmonious development of talent.
Systematic concept
With the advent of the knowledge economy and the arrival of a learning society, lifelong education becomes a reality. Education is one of the most important activities that accompany people’s life. Therefore, education is no longer just a matter of one-sidedness with the school. It is not only a matter of personal growth, but also a major event of social progress and development. It is a matter of universal improvement of the quality of the entire nation. It relates to the construction of spiritual civilization and the coordinated development of the two civilizations It is a complicated social system project composed of many elements and involves many industries and departments. Therefore, it requires the universal participation and joint efforts of the whole society to do a good job. Therefore, different from traditional education, what is being formed in our country during the transitional period is a kind of social education system. It needs unified planning, design and integrated operation under the guidance of the concept of system engineering in order to cultivate people’s learning ability and enhance people’s Survival and development as the goal, based on the coordinated operation of all departments within the social system and the overall linkage of the various departments within the social system, to improve the healthy operation of the education system by taking the sound social network of education as the central task of the educational environment And orderly development to meet the urgent needs of the learning society for the development of education.

The top ten ideas of 7、8

Open concept
Today’s era is an era of unprecedented liberalization. With the ever-changing science and technology, the information network and the globalization of the economy have made the world increasingly an organic whole that is more closely linked. The traditional pattern of closed education is broken, replaced by a new type of education in all aspects. It includes the concept of education, the mode of education, the openness of the educational process, the openness of educational goals, the openness of educational resources, the openness of educational contents, the openness of educational evaluation and so on. The openness of educational concepts means that ethnic education should widely draw on all the outstanding educational thoughts of the world, and the theories and methods are what I use. The openness of educational methods means that education should follow the path of internationalization, industrialization and socialization. The opening up of educational processes Sexual education should extend from academic education to lifelong education, from classroom education to practical education and information networked education, from schooling education to community education and social education development. The openness of educational goal means that education aims to continuously open up people The spiritual world and the creation of potential, and constantly improve people’s ability to self-development, and constantly expand the space for human survival and development; openness of educational resources refers to the full development and use of all traditional, modern, national, world, material, and spiritual , Reality, virtual and other resources for educational activities to activate educational practice; education content refers to the openness of education to the world, the future, facing the modernization of education and teaching links and curriculum content, so that the content of teaching materials from the closed , Rigidity becomes open, vivid and more realistic inclusive and novelty; education Openness means that the price of breaking the traditional evaluation model single text exam education, more flexible evaluation system and mechanism and establish a diversified education.
Diversification concept
Modern society is an increasingly diversified era. With the highly social structure, the increasingly complex and ever-changing social life, and the diversification of people’s values, education has also shown a diversified development trend. This is first manifested in the diversification of educational needs. In order to meet the requirements of economic and social development, personnel specifications and standards inevitably require diversification. Second, they are characterized by diversification of educational bodies, diversification of educational objectives and diversification of management systems. Thirdly, they are also characterized by flexibility Diverse forms of education, educational tools, standards for measuring the quality of education and human resources, and more. All of these put forward higher requirements and challenges for the design and management of education and teaching process. It requires flexible design and management of educational institutions and departments according to different levels, different types and different management systems. It is more in line with the teaching practice of education Flexible teaching and flexible management mode, advocate for the development of education to provide more relaxed social policies and regulations and public opinion atmosphere, in order to promote the prosperity and development of education.

The top ten ideas of 4,5,6

creativity
One of the important transformations from traditional education to modern education is to realize the transformation from informative education to creative education. Because the knowledge economy more demonstrates the creative role of human, the potential of human creativity becomes the most valuable and inexhaustible resource. Modern education emphasizes education and teaching process is a highly creative process, in order to guide, inspire, guide, develop and train students’ creativity can be the basic goal. It advocates creative education and teaching methods and beautiful education and teaching arts to create education and teaching environment so as to fully tap and cultivate human creativity and cultivate creative talents. Modern education advocates that the complete education of creativity is formed by the combination of innovation education (aimed at cultivating students ‘innovative spirit, innovative ability and innovative personality) and entrepreneurship education (referring to cultivating students’ entrepreneurial spirit, entrepreneurial ability and entrepreneurial personality) The formation of the ecological chain. Therefore, to strengthen innovation education and entrepreneurship education and to promote the combination and integration of the two and to cultivate innovative and pioneering composite talents has become the basic goal of modern education.
Subjectivity
Modern education is a kind of subjective education. It fully affirms and respects the value of human subject, promotes human subjectivity, fully mobilizes and gives full play to the initiative of the main body of education, and transforms the external and objective education into the main body of the educated Active activities. The core of the concept of subjectivity is to fully respect the subject status of every educated person, and “teaching” is always carried out around “learning” to maximize the inherent potential and learning motivation of the students so that the students are replaced by passive and accepting objects Become a positive and active subject and center, so that the process of education truly become the activities of students and self-conscious process of self-construction. To this end, it requires that the education process should shift from the traditional teacher-centered teaching materials to the classroom-centered education system to student-centered activities as the center and practices as the center to promote independent education, happy education and success Education and research-based learning such as new lively and subjective education model to ignite students’ enthusiasm for learning to develop students’ interest and habits of learning to improve students’ learning ability so that students actively and vividly learn and develop.
Personalized concept
Rich personality development is the source of creating spiritual and innovative abilities. The era of knowledge-based economy is an era of innovation. It requires a large number of personalized talents with a rich and distinct personality to support it. Therefore, it gives birth to the concept of personalized education. Modern education emphasizes respecting individuality, facing individual differences, publicizing individuality and encouraging personality development. It allows students to develop differently. It advocates adopting different methods of education and evaluation criteria for different personality traits to create conditions for the full development of each student ‘s personality. It infiltrates the concept of cultivating perfect personality into all elements and links of education and teaching, and thus has a profound and lasting influence on students’ physical and psychological qualities, especially their personality qualities. In the educational practice, the concept of individuation first requires the creation and creation of a personalized educational environment and atmosphere, and builds a platform for personalized education. Secondly, in the educational concept, it advocates equality, tolerance and interaction with teachers and students, recognizes and respects the personality of students Differences, for each student personality display and development to provide equal opportunities and conditions to encourage learners to show their supernatural power; once again in the educational methods, pay attention to adopt different educational measures to implement personalized education, pay attention to teaching students according to their aptitude, from the commonalty education Mode to personalized education mode change, to the healthy development of personality to provide a relaxed space for growth.

Ten ideas

people oriented
Nowadays, in the 21st century, society has shifted from focusing on science and technology to developing a people-oriented society. Education, as a lofty undertaking to foster and develop qualified personnel needed by society to promote social development and improvement, should naturally embody the people-oriented spirit of the times. Therefore, modern education emphasizes people-oriented, focuses on the whole process of education and teaching in the whole process of education and teaching, focusing more on people, understanding people, respecting people, protecting people, and enhancing and developing people’s human spirits. It pays more attention to people’s realistic needs and future development Develop and tap people’s own endowments and potential, pay more attention to their own values ​​and their realization, and devote themselves to cultivating people’s self-esteem, self-confidence, self-love, self-reliance and self-reliance consciousness, and continuously improve people’s spiritual and cultural qualities and quality of life. Improve people’s ability to survive and develop, and promote their own development and improvement. In view of this, modern education has become an important means of enhancing national cohesion and has become the basis for comprehensive national strength and is increasingly integrated into the trend of the times, attracting much attention and people’s attention.
All-round development
Therefore, it is more concerned with the integrity and comprehensiveness of human development. In a macroscopic view, it is a national education oriented to all citizens, pays attention to the all-round development of the entire nation and vigorously promotes the development of people as a whole. Improve and develop the entire nation’s ideological and moral qualities and scientific and cultural qualities, raise the national knowledge innovation and technological innovation capability, and enhance the comprehensive national strength including national cohesion as the fundamental objective; at the microscopic level, it promotes the promotion of every student’s morality in Germany , Intellectual, physical, aesthetic, labor and other aspects of all-round development and improvement, creating a comprehensive development of personnel as their responsibility. This requires people to realize the education concept from the elite education to the mass education, from the professional education to the general education, in the education method to take Germany, Chile, the United States, labor and other education simultaneously, the overall education Education strategy.
Quality education
Modern education abandoned the traditional education emphasis on knowledge imparting and absorbing education ideas and methods, pay more attention to the transformation of knowledge in the process of education and ability to internalize the good qualities of people, emphasizing knowledge, ability and quality in the overall structure of the personnel Interaction, Dialectical Unity and Harmonious Development. In view of the defects of traditional education, such as knowledge transfer, light practical ability, heavy test scores and light overall quality, modern education emphasizes forging and comprehensive quality training and training of students’ practical abilities, and advocates that ability and quality are more important and stable than knowledge , More lasting elements of the overall quality of student training and improvement as the center of education and education to grasp, to help students learn to learn and strengthen the quality of the basic education goals, aimed at the full development of students’ qualities of potential, so that knowledge, Ability, quality and harmonious development, improve people’s overall standard of development.

The characteristics and concept of educational philosophy

To sum up the author’s own experience in the study of educational philosophy, we can sort out the basic characteristics of the educational philosophy as follows: (1) Educational philosophy is the formation of the concept or concept of education for the main body of education and its phenomena, and is rational (2) The concept of education includes the concept of “good education” of the main body of education about the value orientation or tendency of “education should be”; (3) The concept of education is not an educational reality but comes from the consideration of educational reality , Is the main body of education conscious of the reality of education. Therefore, in theory, they are the clear understanding of education about the ideological carriers, that is, the concept holders. (4) The concept of education is a universal concept that has a wide extension and reflects the commonalities of concepts in activities such as educational thinking Or supernatural concepts, such as educational ideas, educational concepts, educational opinions, educational opinions, educational awareness, educational rationality, educational beliefs and education creeds are all concepts. The concept itself also contains the commonness of the above concepts. In addition, the concept of education is also manifested in the external form of the above concepts to show that it is both abstract and intuitive. Such as education purpose, education mission, education purpose, education ideal, education goal, education requirement, education principle and so on; (5) The education idea is in education practice, and has the orientation of guiding.
In view of the recognition of the basic characteristics of the above educational concept, we can make the following determination on the concept of education: The concept of education is the rational cognition and subjective requirement for the “education should be” formed by the main body of education in teaching practice and educational thinking. In his book Educational Language, I. Scheffler, a well-known analytical education scholar and a philosopher and Harvard philosopher, believes there are three kinds of declarative statements: (Note: Qu Baokui eds., “The Collection of Pedagogy, Education and Pedagogy Volume “, People’s Education Press, 1993 edition, pp. 31-37.) (1) The definition of regulation, refers to the definition of creation, that is, the author under the definition. The terms that are required to be defined in the same work always indicate the meaning of such a provision; (2) a descriptive definition, which refers to an appropriate description of the object being spoken or the method of use; (3) Explain clearly or implicitly “what should be.” Our definition of educational philosophy should belong to the definition of programmatic definition and programmatic synthesis. The concept of education can be either systematic or non-systematic, single or independent rational concept or concept, depending on the main body of education, “education should be” that is, the reality of education and research level, and their need to guide educational practice . Both systematic and non-systematic educational concepts have an impact on the educational practice of educational subjects.