Informal education editor
Informal education refers to the original forms of education activities and forms of existence and social life and production, there is no stable educator and educated people, nor fixed places of education nor normative educational contents. The education of primitive society belongs to this state.
Formal education editor
Formal education means that educational activities have become independent from social production and life and have become a form of specialized social practice with fixed educators, educators, educational establishments and more standardized educational contents. School education belongs to this form.
Institutional education editor
With the interactive development of education and society, the relationship between education and society is getting closer and closer. In modern society, people generally recognize the important value of education and devote great efforts to the education of social resources so that education becomes a complex and three-dimensional network system. In order to make education methodical and high-speed operation, many countries regulate the content, form and method of education by law. This is an institutionalized education. After the emergence of the capitalist mode of production, with the gradual expansion and sophistication of the scale of education, education has begun to enter a institutionalized form. School education system (referred to as the school system) is a typical manifestation of institutional education 
Family education editor
Usually refers to parents or other elderly in the family to their children or other junior education, mainly for young children and adolescents in the family. The main tasks are: to make children’s physical and mental health development; to help children lay the foundation for receiving school education prior to school enrollment; and to facilitate children’s normal development in moral, intellectual and physical capacities after schooling with children in school. The contents of family education mainly include: developing children’s hygiene habits; providing children with basic social and cultural norms and standards of value; developing children’s ability to use the language; and developing children’s personality, interests and hobbies. There are many forms of family education, the most important of which is to exert influence on children through the precept and example of their parents. In sociology of education, childhood as a critical period of individual socialization holds that during this period, the family shoulders the major social responsibility and family education has a very important influence on a person’s life. However, as children grow older, families The role of education is diminishing.
School education editor
It refers to the education of students in all kinds of schools at all levels. The targets are mainly juveniles and youths. The main task is to systematically, systematically and purposely impart social norms, values, knowledge and skills to the student system and to develop them into people of a certain social or class service. The content of school education includes: (1) Moral education aims at enabling students to have beliefs, ideals, moral qualities and worldviews that conform to certain social or class requirements; (2) intellectual education, which aims to enable students to gradually master the accumulated knowledge and experiences of human beings and develop their awareness and The ability to transform the world; ③ sports, designed to enable students to have a healthy body; ④ aesthetic education, aiming at cultivating students’ aesthetic standards and the ability to appreciate beauty and create beauty. School education in some countries also includes educating students on labor concepts and teaching basic productive labor skills. The form of school education is mainly classroom teaching, supplemented by a variety of extracurricular activities such as social activities, science and technology activities, sports activities and labor. Sociology of Education argues that for young people who are in the early stages of socialization, the school has replaced the family as the most important socialization route. In school, educators, in accordance with the requirements of society or class, guide students to transform the experience of their predecessors into personal mastery experiences, internalize social norms and standards so as to play different social roles and become the talents needed by society.
Social education editor
Mainly refers to the non-school social and cultural education institutions for adolescents and adults education. The main task is to enable educates to further establish ideological qualities and worldviews that meet the requirements of society; to popularize scientific and cultural knowledge, to increase and update the knowledge and information stored in people’s minds, and to guide people to engage in healthy cultural and sports activities to make educated people qualified citizen. There are many contents of social education, such as traditional education, ideal education, moral education, culture and technology education. Forms are also varied, such as visiting tours, organizing lectures, cultural and sports activities, reading newspapers and magazines. Sociology of education sees socialization as a human activity throughout the life of a person; and that social education replaces schooling and continues to influence people’s socialization after individuals conclude their school life. Social education plays a very important role in helping individuals to properly perform their duties and obligations in the social role they play.
Ecological harmony concept
The growth of natural objects requires a good natural environment, and the healthy growth of human resources also needs a loose and harmonious social and ecological environment. Modern education advocates that educational activities should be regarded as an organic ecological whole, which includes not only the affinity, harmony and harmony among teachers, students, classes, practices, elements and methods of education but also education Activities and education of people living facilities and cultural atmosphere of the collaborative interaction, harmony and unity, the harmonious and harmonious spirit of education in each focus on the organic elements and links, and ultimately the formation of a unified education ecosystem as a whole, so that the healthy growth of talent The required soil, sunlight, nutrition, moisture, air and other factors have a harmonious resonance, to achieve ecological harmony and education. Therefore, modern education advocates “harmonious education” and pursues the overall construction of an organic “ecological” educational environment so as to achieve the goal of teaching and educating people as a whole, managing and educating people, serving and educating people, and educating people in the environment so as to create the most talent growth Good ecological zone, promote the healthy and harmonious development of talent.
With the advent of the knowledge economy and the arrival of a learning society, lifelong education becomes a reality. Education is one of the most important activities that accompany people’s life. Therefore, education is no longer just a matter of one-sidedness with the school. It is not only a matter of personal growth, but also a major event of social progress and development. It is a matter of universal improvement of the quality of the entire nation. It relates to the construction of spiritual civilization and the coordinated development of the two civilizations It is a complicated social system project composed of many elements and involves many industries and departments. Therefore, it requires the universal participation and joint efforts of the whole society to do a good job. Therefore, different from traditional education, what is being formed in our country during the transitional period is a kind of social education system. It needs unified planning, design and integrated operation under the guidance of the concept of system engineering in order to cultivate people’s learning ability and enhance people’s Survival and development as the goal, based on the coordinated operation of all departments within the social system and the overall linkage of the various departments within the social system, to improve the healthy operation of the education system by taking the sound social network of education as the central task of the educational environment And orderly development to meet the urgent needs of the learning society for the development of education.
Today’s era is an era of unprecedented liberalization. With the ever-changing science and technology, the information network and the globalization of the economy have made the world increasingly an organic whole that is more closely linked. The traditional pattern of closed education is broken, replaced by a new type of education in all aspects. It includes the concept of education, the mode of education, the openness of the educational process, the openness of educational goals, the openness of educational resources, the openness of educational contents, the openness of educational evaluation and so on. The openness of educational concepts means that ethnic education should widely draw on all the outstanding educational thoughts of the world, and the theories and methods are what I use. The openness of educational methods means that education should follow the path of internationalization, industrialization and socialization. The opening up of educational processes Sexual education should extend from academic education to lifelong education, from classroom education to practical education and information networked education, from schooling education to community education and social education development. The openness of educational goal means that education aims to continuously open up people The spiritual world and the creation of potential, and constantly improve people’s ability to self-development, and constantly expand the space for human survival and development; openness of educational resources refers to the full development and use of all traditional, modern, national, world, material, and spiritual , Reality, virtual and other resources for educational activities to activate educational practice; education content refers to the openness of education to the world, the future, facing the modernization of education and teaching links and curriculum content, so that the content of teaching materials from the closed , Rigidity becomes open, vivid and more realistic inclusive and novelty; education Openness means that the price of breaking the traditional evaluation model single text exam education, more flexible evaluation system and mechanism and establish a diversified education.
Modern society is an increasingly diversified era. With the highly social structure, the increasingly complex and ever-changing social life, and the diversification of people’s values, education has also shown a diversified development trend. This is first manifested in the diversification of educational needs. In order to meet the requirements of economic and social development, personnel specifications and standards inevitably require diversification. Second, they are characterized by diversification of educational bodies, diversification of educational objectives and diversification of management systems. Thirdly, they are also characterized by flexibility Diverse forms of education, educational tools, standards for measuring the quality of education and human resources, and more. All of these put forward higher requirements and challenges for the design and management of education and teaching process. It requires flexible design and management of educational institutions and departments according to different levels, different types and different management systems. It is more in line with the teaching practice of education Flexible teaching and flexible management mode, advocate for the development of education to provide more relaxed social policies and regulations and public opinion atmosphere, in order to promote the prosperity and development of education.
One of the important transformations from traditional education to modern education is to realize the transformation from informative education to creative education. Because the knowledge economy more demonstrates the creative role of human, the potential of human creativity becomes the most valuable and inexhaustible resource. Modern education emphasizes education and teaching process is a highly creative process, in order to guide, inspire, guide, develop and train students’ creativity can be the basic goal. It advocates creative education and teaching methods and beautiful education and teaching arts to create education and teaching environment so as to fully tap and cultivate human creativity and cultivate creative talents. Modern education advocates that the complete education of creativity is formed by the combination of innovation education (aimed at cultivating students ‘innovative spirit, innovative ability and innovative personality) and entrepreneurship education (referring to cultivating students’ entrepreneurial spirit, entrepreneurial ability and entrepreneurial personality) The formation of the ecological chain. Therefore, to strengthen innovation education and entrepreneurship education and to promote the combination and integration of the two and to cultivate innovative and pioneering composite talents has become the basic goal of modern education.
Modern education is a kind of subjective education. It fully affirms and respects the value of human subject, promotes human subjectivity, fully mobilizes and gives full play to the initiative of the main body of education, and transforms the external and objective education into the main body of the educated Active activities. The core of the concept of subjectivity is to fully respect the subject status of every educated person, and “teaching” is always carried out around “learning” to maximize the inherent potential and learning motivation of the students so that the students are replaced by passive and accepting objects Become a positive and active subject and center, so that the process of education truly become the activities of students and self-conscious process of self-construction. To this end, it requires that the education process should shift from the traditional teacher-centered teaching materials to the classroom-centered education system to student-centered activities as the center and practices as the center to promote independent education, happy education and success Education and research-based learning such as new lively and subjective education model to ignite students’ enthusiasm for learning to develop students’ interest and habits of learning to improve students’ learning ability so that students actively and vividly learn and develop.
Rich personality development is the source of creating spiritual and innovative abilities. The era of knowledge-based economy is an era of innovation. It requires a large number of personalized talents with a rich and distinct personality to support it. Therefore, it gives birth to the concept of personalized education. Modern education emphasizes respecting individuality, facing individual differences, publicizing individuality and encouraging personality development. It allows students to develop differently. It advocates adopting different methods of education and evaluation criteria for different personality traits to create conditions for the full development of each student ‘s personality. It infiltrates the concept of cultivating perfect personality into all elements and links of education and teaching, and thus has a profound and lasting influence on students’ physical and psychological qualities, especially their personality qualities. In the educational practice, the concept of individuation first requires the creation and creation of a personalized educational environment and atmosphere, and builds a platform for personalized education. Secondly, in the educational concept, it advocates equality, tolerance and interaction with teachers and students, recognizes and respects the personality of students Differences, for each student personality display and development to provide equal opportunities and conditions to encourage learners to show their supernatural power; once again in the educational methods, pay attention to adopt different educational measures to implement personalized education, pay attention to teaching students according to their aptitude, from the commonalty education Mode to personalized education mode change, to the healthy development of personality to provide a relaxed space for growth.