[American educational concept] 4

Fourth, the pursuit of equality in education and educational opportunities. In its 228-year history since the founding of the People’s Republic of China on July 4, 1776, the United States has always been loyal to the ideals of justice, equality and freedom that the founding fathers of the United States have relied on to establish their country and tirelessly pursues the goal of equality for all. Although many bumpy paths have taken place in this process and many sacrifices have been made to this end, the Americans, especially a large number of Cheshili devoted themselves to this ideal, are nine death-minded and yet regretful. Today, the phrase “guaranteeing equal opportunities for education and improving the quality of education” has been widely recognized as an educational concept as the motto of the U.S. Department of Education, which is embedded in the marble walls of the Ministry of Education headquarters.

In the history of the United States, there are various kinds of inequalities. In particular, there are serious racial discrimination in the United States. Minority African Americans are the main groups subjected to discrimination and they have no equal right in all respects with whites. There is no equal right to equal education and equal opportunities in education. Historically, blacks have no right to vote. Carriages, meals, schooling, employment, housing and even the toilet have to be separated from whites. Many state laws require that blacks and whites must be segregated. Racial riots in American history continue until 1963, African-American civil rights leader Martin Luther King made one of the most famous speeches in American history, “I Have a Dream.” What dream? Is the dream of pursuing equal rights and free rights for blacks and whites. He said:

“One hundred years ago, a great American signed the Declaration on the Emancipation of the Black Man and today we are just standing in front of his statue, a solemn declaration that is like the lighthouse of light, giving millions to the unjust The suffering of the slaves in the fire brought hope, and it came as a dawn of joy, ending the long night that bound the Negro.

However, one hundred years later, we must face up to the tragic fact that the blacks have not yet enjoyed freedom. A hundred years later, under the yoke of apartheid and the shackles of racial discrimination, the black lives are squeezed. Today, a hundred years later, the Negro lives on a poor island in a well-supplied sea. One hundred years later, blacks are still shrinking in the corners of American society and aware that they are exiles in their homeland. Today we meet here to make such horrifying statements public. ”

He said: “Now is the time to fulfill the promise of democracy. Now that it is time to climb the bright road to racial equality from the barren valley of apartheid and now open the door to opportunities for the children of God, it is time to turn our The nation is saved from the quicksand of racial inequality and placed on the stone of brotherhood.

“My friends, I say to you today, and at this very moment, despite all the difficulties and setbacks we have suffered, I still have a dream that is deeply rooted in the dream of the United States.

I have a dream that one day the country will stand up and truly realize the true meaning of its creed: “We think these truths are self-evident: everyone is born equal.”

I have a dream that one day, on the Red Hill in Georgia, the sons of former slaves will be able to sit with the former slave-owner’s son and share brotherhood.

I have a dream that one day, even the Mississippi justice will disappear and oppression will become a desert, like an oasis. It will also become an oasis of freedom and justice.

I have a dream that one day my four children will evaluate life in their kingdom not in their skin color, but in the merits of their character.

I have a dream today.

I have a dream that one day, Alabama will be able to change, and although the governor of the state is still dissenting and against federal decree, one day black boys and girls there will be able to join hands with white boys and girls alike.

I have a dream today.

I have a dream that one day, the valley rises, the mountain descends, the road is full of ups and downs, the holy light is disclosed, the world is full. ”

He finally screamed: “When we let the voice of freedom ring and let the voice of freedom ring from every village, every state and every city, we will be able to speed up the day when all of God’s Children, blacks and whites, Jews and non-Jews, Protestants, and Catholics will all join hands to sing an old Negro spiritual: “Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, and finally we are free La!'”

At the time of the publication of “I Have a Dream,” 100 years after the Liberation Declaration signed by Lincoln from the United States when the founding of the United States in 1776 and Thomas Jefferson of the United States issued the Declaration of Independence, “We do not think these truths are true Metaphor: Everyone is born equal “is 187 years old, but the Negro has still not been able to obtain legally complete equal rights and freedoms. Moreover, Martin Luther King was assassinated and killed by racist elements in Tennessee on April 4, 1968. It can be seen that the history of racial discrimination in the United States is long and serious. However, with the development of the civil rights movement in the first half of the 20th century, the Supreme Court of the United States passed a series of judgments announcing the unconstitutional and ineffective laws of racial discrimination in the southern states and directly promoted the Congress’s adoption of the Equal Rights Bill in 1964 The legal issue of racial discrimination has been eliminated. The issue of racial discrimination is legally settled, but it does not mean that equality is fully achieved in all respects and in practice. Americans believe that equality in education and equality in education are at the core of social fairness and social equality and are a long-sought goal. Up to now, the U.S. government and the American people have taken many effective measures in pursuit of equality in education and education. Also achieved very good results.