[American educational concept] 7

When the freshman enters Yale University, Mr. Levin says:

“I just published a book that includes the best lectures I’ve done in the last 10 years, including my annual college freshmen speeches that use different metaphors for each of the speeches, based on different literatures. The same message was conveyed on the three whales I wrote, questioning everything, studying hard and thinking independently. ”

During my study in the United States, I realized that this kind of encouragement by students of Yale University to encourage students to think independently and to question all educational concepts has become more than just the educational philosophy of Yale University and its principals. It has become widely accepted and seriously practiced by Americans A kind of educational philosophy. Americans believe that if children are allowed to have critical thinking, they will be able to enhance their ability to think independently and be able to persevere in their pursuit of truth in order to break the human relations and achieve “I love my teacher and I love the truth.”

Humboldt University mentioned above, the nineteenth century Humboldt founded the University established the principle is: academic freedom, freedom of teaching, learning freedom. These three principles had had a significant impact on the higher education in the United States. For the history of the United States, Humboldt University had followed the example of learning German education and reforming education in the United States. Nowadays, higher education in the United States has also formed the three A principle:

Academic Freedom

Academic Autonomy

Academic Neutrality

The United States education, an independent thinking, questioning everything and daring to create an innovative spirit, is already the long-awaited and accepted social education soul of the United States.

The second girl “job dead”: family education and training urgent
Preview May 20, microblogging users lead a strong message of concern. A father working in Hangzhou found his 11-year-old daughter copy homework, dragged her daughter to the shed, hang up and hit, after playing, his father left himself, and after a half-hour came back and found her daughter is not fast It’s Later, his father hurried to the hospital. However, it is regrettable that the girl eventually failed to be rescued and declared dead on the afternoon of 20 days. (May 21, Modern Gold News) On May 20, 11-year-old girl was killed by her father because of the plagiarism in the warm atmosphere of “I love you”. This is a family tragedy, but also a social tragedy. In order to let more parents know how to educate their children, in order to make the tragedy no longer repeat itself, the implementation of family education and training is urgent. Admittedly, many parents do not know how to be good parents now. Nowadays, many young parents, many of whom grew up in the context of family education that is not scolding or scolding, have virtually accepted the influence of their parents on their own ways of education and are thus inevitably rude on the issue of educating their children . There is also a considerable part of the children have a demanding mentality, requiring their children “must not make mistakes.” There are still some parents because of working life and other reasons neglect of children management, laissez-faire. Unfortunately, there are very few specialized agencies and organizations in the community that guide our parents in solving the many puzzles in educating their children. Family education and training lack of serious, not alarmist. A father puts a heavy hand on a child’s plagiarism because not the father does not have love, but the father does not know how to love. Our society has a responsibility to let every parent know … … [Read full story: girl “homework dead”: family education and training urgently]
Chapter 3 China also needs “rich education” Tan Chuan Bao
Preview – Obara Kuniyoshi’s Fostering Thought and Its Realistic Significance Obara Kuniyoshi (1887-1977) is a famous educator known to the world in modern and contemporary Japan. He integrated the philosophy of East-West education and put forward the theory of holistic education with the aim of realizing the values ​​of “truth, goodness, beauty, sanctity, health and wealth”. Among them, the “rich education” (Fusu education) not only for Japan at the time, but also for today’s education in China has a very important enlightenment significance. How to educate the younger generation on the concept of wealth and teach them to correctly view, use and create wealth has now become a “compulsory course” urgently needed by Chinese schools in today’s era of material prosperity! Education must be absolute “holistic education” Kohara Kokunori believes that “there are six aspects of human culture, namely, knowledge, morality, art, religion, body, life, etc. The ideal of learning is truth, the ideal of morality is good, the art of Ideal is the United States, the ideal of religion is holy, the ideal of the body is healthy and the ideal of life is rich. The ideal of education is to create the six values ​​of truth, goodness, beauty, holiness, health, and wealth. “True, The fourth four kinds of value is called absolute value, the value of healthy and rich is called the means value. “The content of education must include the entire human culture, so education must be absolute ‘holistic education.’ In Ohara Kunimoto’s axiology system, rich education is an integral part of holistic personality education. On the other hand, it is one of the important ways to realize absolute value and complete unification of personality. Therefore, Ohara Kuniyoshi clearly pointed out: “In order to live, we need bread, and in order to make it more effective, we need many means.” “To ignore the value of wealth, spiritual civilization can not be established. Without the development of spiritual civilization, we can not expect the material Progress in civilization. “…… [Full Article Reading: China also needs” rich education “Tan Bao Bao] [American educational philosophy]

[American educational concept] 6

If we must give a real purpose to university education, my point of view is to cultivate a good citizen in society. The art of university education is the art of social life whose purpose is to make people adapt to this world. On the one hand, university education should not focus on certain occupations, on the other hand, it should not create a hero and cultivate genius. In fact, the genius of Albert can not be made artificially, heroic ideas are also known. The university is not the birthplace of poets, immortal writers and school founders, nor colonial leaders or conquerors’ training institutes. The university is not committed to creating a host of Aristotelian, Newton, Napoleonic, Washington, Raphael, and Shakespearean giants, though these natural masterpieces have previously appeared in the college walls. In addition, universities should not be content with the training of critics, experimenters, economists and engineers albeit within the context of university education. University education is a great and ordinary way to a great and ordinary goal. The purpose of university education is to enhance the knowledge and atmosphere of the society, cultivate the citizens of the people, deliver the national taste, provide real axioms for impetuous publics, provide definite targets for public ideals, expand the thinking bank of the times and inject calm thinking, Promote the exercise of political power and enhance the quality of interpersonal communication. University education should be managed to recognize its own views and judgments, and correctly play, eloquently described, strongly stressed. University education should teach people to see the true colors of things and grasp the key points directly. They should teach the people to unite their minds, find out the sophistry and discard their irrelevances. University education prepares people for any position they can, as easily as possible to master any subject.

In addition, he said:

How to adapt oneself to others, how to convey one’s own ideas to others, how to influence others, how to understand each other and mutual tolerance should be taught in university education. He is in harmony with anyone in any group and has something in common with anyone. He understands when to speak and when to be silent; he is good at talking, he is good at speaking; and when he has nothing to say, he can raise questions moderately and receive his teachings; he is always eager, but from He does not interfere with others; he is a pleasant partner, a friend whom one can depend on; he understands when to be serious and when to frolic; he takes the liberty of wit and playful without losing elegance and seriousness Granville. He lives in the world and calm, full of indifference. He possesses a gift of talent to spare him as he serves the public, and gives him spiritual support after he leaves. If there is such a gift, even if wealthy, nor vulgar; if such a talent, even after setbacks, full of disappointment, but also its own charm. It is the goal pursued by university education that aims to educate all of these people about skills that are just as useful as acquiring fortune and acquiring healthier skills, albeit comparatively hard to grasp, Difficult to determine, more difficult to fully possess.

He said that the connotation of citizens is very rich, and Newman’s goal of this education is to cultivate qualified citizens whose thinking has had a great impact on the United States.

Followed by Dewey. Dewey is a pragmatist educational thinker in the United States. His educational thinking education is life, and his school, that is, the social educational thought, has profoundly influenced American education. In fact, Dewey is still a populist educator, and he firmly maintains that education is to train qualified civilians. He propagated the idea of ​​populist education and proposed two elements of populist education: developing the wisdom of individuality and developing the habit of collaboration. He strongly advocates education to cultivate civilians and citizens who are full of personality and cooperation.

Principals of some famous universities in the United States have also upheld this view. As former president Harvard University Dr. Babb said, colleges and universities have eight functions, namely, the goal of higher education is: to improve communication skills; to develop analytical skills; to strengthen the ability to solve problems; to develop the ability to value judgments; to improve social interaction and interaction Ability to develop personal and environmental understanding of the individual to improve the ability to understand the world today; develop arts and humanities knowledge. This is the view of the “enlightened education” (or “liberal education”) of the United States. According to this view, the starting point of education is human beings, and fate is still human. Education has the responsibility of serving the community, but the ultimate goal is to serve man. Dr. Marlett, the former president of the University of Miami, further believes that the fundamental responsibility of “enlightened education” is For “people” and “citizens.”

Six, pay great attention to the cultivation of humanistic spirit. Americans believe that the humanistic spirit is essentially a spirit of freedom, self-consciousness and criticism, judging from good and evil, beauty and ugliness, right and wrong judgments, tolerance, respect and cooperation, and even harmony between man and nature, Are humanistic spirit. The American schools and American professors I studied and interviewed, including the American families, attach great importance to cultivating children’s humanities and humanities. In the 19th century, once the United States studied the principles and the university spirit of Humboldt University in Germany, Humboldt University in Europe is a famous university that attaches great importance to cultivating the humanistic spirit of students. Until now, Humboldt University still put humanities science and humanistic spirit of students in a very important position. Humboldt University learned the lessons of World War II. During World War II, Hitler incited ethnic hatred, massacred Jews and killed 6 million Jews. Some prominent Humboldt scientists have even helped Hitler kill people, just as softly. Therefore, even if a person is a scientist, there is not enough academic and academic professional standards, but also the conscience of the society. Humanities and humanities must also be possessed.

I went to American families, schools, many parents and students to say that they had to read some well-known articles carefully. For example, “I have a dream” mentioned above. For another article, there is an article entitled ” People, the famous scholar Fang Long published in 1925 “tolerance.” Americans believe that “tolerance” and “preface” is a kind of beautiful language that cultivates tolerance. In the Preamble, Fang Long summarized the history of human progress, elaborated the history of the development of human thought, explained the emancipation of thought, advocated tolerance toward dissent, and condemned the evil in suppressing new ideas. Americans think that children read this article on tolerance, how much will leave some impression about tolerance, may affect his life. A professor at Stanford University said that tolerance is the humanistic spirit one must have and more important than freedom.

Seven, independent thinking, questioning everything. American education believes that freedom is the mother of creation. Americans, especially American schools and education professors, think it is the soul of American education to think independently and question everything. Here may refer to January 24, 2004, CCTV Channel 2 “Dialogue” on the head of Yale University, Mr. Levin and Peking University Xu Zhihong principals dialogue materials. From the request made by President Levin on the students and teachers at Yale University, it can be seen that the educational philosophy in the United States places a great deal of emphasis on thinking independently and questioning everything.

Mr. Levin said, “It’s about asking students to question anything, whether you’re from this school’s teacher, from your classmates, or from what you read in the book. The question of curiosity, you should be willing to challenge you to hear the second point is to learn, although you should first ask questions, but need to study reading, get more information to answer these questions, study hard. Think of your own conclusions and learn how to think independently. ”

For teachers, Mr. Levin said:

“First, a clear exchange. Without this quality, it would be a common teacher flaw, they are very familiar with the teaching materials, they assume that students are also very familiar with these. They are usually higher Students are confused by the requirements of students, teachers are expressed in professional language too early, and students do not understand them well. I think we should try hard to work with different levels of students clearly and clearly in the learning process Encourage others, we should say that if you are a teacher, you choose the lifelong occupation of education.Why should students learn? You should give them a good reason.So you have to find ways to motivate your students, Let them feel the passion you had when choosing this profession.Fifthly, there is no doubt that we should encourage independent thinking.In short, we should ask students to question everything, ask teachers to communicate clearly, and make efforts to study hard for students. Encourage students to think independently and encourage teachers to think independently. “

[American educational concept] 5

First, the federal government uses surveys and macroeconomic goals to influence and promote further education equality and equal access to education throughout the country,

Education Digest “American Education Concept” (http://www.unjs.com). In education, since the 1980s, the United States as the federal government has far-reaching effects on two things.
First, the survey report “The Country is in Crisis: Education Reform is Imperative” was completed in 1983. On August 26, 1981, U.S. Secretary of Education Bell set up the National Education Outstanding Committee, which investigates the quality of education in the United States. The report was submitted in April 1983, which states: “It is both a report to the Minister of Education and an open letter to the American people.”

Why does this report say that the United States is in crisis? The core idea of ​​the report is that in education, the United States has not fully realized the promise of equality for all during the founding of the People’s Republic so the United States is in crisis. The report states: “Some of the promises originally made on this land are in crisis, and the promise is that all people, regardless of their race, class or status, have the right to a fair chance of receiving To maximize the development of their personal spiritual and spiritual power. “The report states:” For a free and democratic society to promote a common culture, especially one that is proud of pluralism and individual freedom It is absolutely necessary to enjoy a high standard of education together. ”

The Report wants people to see that American education is in a dilemma that does not happen overnight. The responsibility for causing such a dilemma is in all aspects. Therefore, to get education out of the woods requires the efforts of the entire community. The result of the educational crisis is that all people are concerned about education, that the entire population is concerned about the quality of education and that education is equitable and educational opportunities are equal.

Second, “the United States 2000: Education Strategy.” In April 1991, Bush, the president of “education”, dished out his plan to rejuvenate U.S. education and put forward six major national education goals toward 21:

By the year 2000, all children in the United States have been prepared to study since they attended school. By 2000, the graduation rate of secondary school students will reach 90% or more. By 2000, all levels of the United States, which have completed four, eight and 12 years of study, Students should have corresponding abilities in the key disciplines such as English, mathematics, science, history and geography. By 2000, the American students’ mathematical and scientific achievements will depend on the world. By the year 2000, all adults in the United States must get rid of blindness But also to master the skills necessary for global economic competition and to transform the rights and responsibilities of citizens. By the year 2000, every school in the United States must be drug-free, non-violent and provide discipline conducive to student learning A well-ordered environment.

In April 1993, Clinton announced “Goal 2000: Educational American Law” and continued with the great reform of education, with the goal increased from 6 to 8, an increase of two. By 2000, the national contingent of teachers should find ways to continually improve their careers Skills and to seize the opportunity to continue to acquire new knowledge and skills to teach American students to prepare for the next century; by 2000, every school should strengthen cooperation with parents, parents should be more Participate in activities to promote children’s social, emotional and academic growth.

This is the eight goals of the famous American education. The core of these eight major ideas is to improve the quality of education in all aspects and to achieve education fairness. President Bush and President Clinton think that if education is not fair, there will be no education quality. To achieve equity in education, we must promote everything from popularizing education, eliminating illiteracy and promoting balanced development among primary and secondary schools, and each school should have good Teachers, all parents should cooperate and so on.

Second, the U.S. president attaches great importance to equality of education and equality of opportunity in education. Many U.S. presidents claim that they are “presidents of education.” Both President George W. Bush and President Clinton mentioned above are just like that. This is not exactly a slogan. There are many measures that have really been taken and are effective. Up until today, when Bush took office in 2000, he proposed an agenda for governance that includes the following: education, taxation, social security, defense and diplomacy, abortion, health care, agro-science and technology and new-born industries, environment and energy, international trade, Gun control and charity. He put education in the first place. At a cost of 46 billion U.S. dollars, Bush lasted 10 years, set a high standard and promoted an education system that promotes personality. He also said that reducing the federal government’s intervention and safeguarding campus security will also examine the educational achievements. A $ 5 billion fund will be rewarded for students with outstanding student performance, and a 5% government grant will be deducted for schools with poor student performance. When the public school frontier in a certain district can not meet the standard for three years, the government will use the federal tax To subsidize students’ parents to send their students to private schools; Bush also encourages more schools to innovate; and to increase university scholarships, the government allocates $ 8 billion to save families $ 5,000 per year in tax-free education. On January 8, 2003, Bush signed the “Do not Let Children Fall Backs Act,” aiming to raise the quality of public primary and secondary schools in the United States and to further promote the citizens’ right to equal education. The Act requires that all Year 3 to 8 students in the country, starting from the 2004-2005 school year, have to receive statewide reading and math exams each year, and each school district must report and compare the test scores of each school. For example, if the performance of the church in the frontier of a school is poor, the students may transfer their studies. If three consecutive years of teaching quality has not improved, the school’s staff will be adjusted. All schools must shorten the gap between the poor and the rich, whites and ethnic minorities. States issued a pledge to make all teachers qualified for appointment within four years. And increased the federal budget for primary and secondary education in 2002 from $ 18.5 billion in 2001 to $ 26.5 billion. And expand the selectivity of schools and students and their parents to promote a balanced development among schools so as to ensure fair education.

Thirdly, the federal government has promulgated some special laws to ensure and promote the equal development of educational equality and educational opportunities. The United States has a relatively sound legal system of education, including the National Defense Education Act, the Genius Education Act, the Adult Education Act, etc. In addition, there are some education laws that address one aspect. For example, in 1862, the Congress passed the Morris Law, giving land to universities and prompting the universities to open their education from the nobility to the public. After the Second World War, a large number of demobilized soldiers were transferred to work, and the Congress passed the “Great Ancestry Law,” so that these people could enter Schools receive higher education, so that the further development of university education toward the popular equality. There is also a law on how to further promote equality in education and how to improve the quality of education, as mentioned above by President George W. Bush to sign the “Do not Let A Child Behind Law.” These bills, the central content of which is to promote equality in education and equal opportunities in education not only in primary and secondary schools but also in universities.

In addition, the U.S. folk also echoed the government and loudly called for the benefits of equality of education and equal opportunities in education from the perspectives of economic benefits and social benefits. The main conclusion of the education research report made by the well-known think-tank Rand in 1999 is that education fairness can create tremendous financial revenue for the government and bring enormous economic benefits to the society.

This long-standing and unremitting pursuit of equality, freedom and equal opportunity by the government and the people makes the education in the United States today more equal to the goal of fairness and equal opportunity. Advocating equality of educational opportunities and fairness of education leads to the diversity and openness of American education (open to people with learning abilities and economic conditions at different levels), international and flexible (people of different nature meet different goals Needs, there is no unified education system in the country, and 50 education systems in 50 states), so that American education can meet the needs of people of different populations and at different levels, ensure fair education and equal opportunity, and can satisfy and fully Give full play to the individual characteristics of different education objects so that education is full of vigor and vitality.

Five, the goal of education is to train qualified citizens. Americans think that, on the whole, schools can not cultivate genius, but cultivate citizens. Citizens have good cultivation and talents. There are two educators influencing the educational philosophy in the United States. One is Newman and the other is Dewey. Both advocate that education is a good citizen to train the community.

First Newman. John Henry Newman was born in 1801 and died in 1890, is a religious leader and educator in Britain. In his “Idea of ​​a University” (translated as “The Ideal of a University”), he argued that the purpose of education is to cultivate a good citizen in society. In this regard, he said two famous words, he said:

[American educational concept] 4

Fourth, the pursuit of equality in education and educational opportunities. In its 228-year history since the founding of the People’s Republic of China on July 4, 1776, the United States has always been loyal to the ideals of justice, equality and freedom that the founding fathers of the United States have relied on to establish their country and tirelessly pursues the goal of equality for all. Although many bumpy paths have taken place in this process and many sacrifices have been made to this end, the Americans, especially a large number of Cheshili devoted themselves to this ideal, are nine death-minded and yet regretful. Today, the phrase “guaranteeing equal opportunities for education and improving the quality of education” has been widely recognized as an educational concept as the motto of the U.S. Department of Education, which is embedded in the marble walls of the Ministry of Education headquarters.

In the history of the United States, there are various kinds of inequalities. In particular, there are serious racial discrimination in the United States. Minority African Americans are the main groups subjected to discrimination and they have no equal right in all respects with whites. There is no equal right to equal education and equal opportunities in education. Historically, blacks have no right to vote. Carriages, meals, schooling, employment, housing and even the toilet have to be separated from whites. Many state laws require that blacks and whites must be segregated. Racial riots in American history continue until 1963, African-American civil rights leader Martin Luther King made one of the most famous speeches in American history, “I Have a Dream.” What dream? Is the dream of pursuing equal rights and free rights for blacks and whites. He said:

“One hundred years ago, a great American signed the Declaration on the Emancipation of the Black Man and today we are just standing in front of his statue, a solemn declaration that is like the lighthouse of light, giving millions to the unjust The suffering of the slaves in the fire brought hope, and it came as a dawn of joy, ending the long night that bound the Negro.

However, one hundred years later, we must face up to the tragic fact that the blacks have not yet enjoyed freedom. A hundred years later, under the yoke of apartheid and the shackles of racial discrimination, the black lives are squeezed. Today, a hundred years later, the Negro lives on a poor island in a well-supplied sea. One hundred years later, blacks are still shrinking in the corners of American society and aware that they are exiles in their homeland. Today we meet here to make such horrifying statements public. ”

He said: “Now is the time to fulfill the promise of democracy. Now that it is time to climb the bright road to racial equality from the barren valley of apartheid and now open the door to opportunities for the children of God, it is time to turn our The nation is saved from the quicksand of racial inequality and placed on the stone of brotherhood.

“My friends, I say to you today, and at this very moment, despite all the difficulties and setbacks we have suffered, I still have a dream that is deeply rooted in the dream of the United States.

I have a dream that one day the country will stand up and truly realize the true meaning of its creed: “We think these truths are self-evident: everyone is born equal.”

I have a dream that one day, on the Red Hill in Georgia, the sons of former slaves will be able to sit with the former slave-owner’s son and share brotherhood.

I have a dream that one day, even the Mississippi justice will disappear and oppression will become a desert, like an oasis. It will also become an oasis of freedom and justice.

I have a dream that one day my four children will evaluate life in their kingdom not in their skin color, but in the merits of their character.

I have a dream today.

I have a dream that one day, Alabama will be able to change, and although the governor of the state is still dissenting and against federal decree, one day black boys and girls there will be able to join hands with white boys and girls alike.

I have a dream today.

I have a dream that one day, the valley rises, the mountain descends, the road is full of ups and downs, the holy light is disclosed, the world is full. ”

He finally screamed: “When we let the voice of freedom ring and let the voice of freedom ring from every village, every state and every city, we will be able to speed up the day when all of God’s Children, blacks and whites, Jews and non-Jews, Protestants, and Catholics will all join hands to sing an old Negro spiritual: “Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, and finally we are free La!'”

At the time of the publication of “I Have a Dream,” 100 years after the Liberation Declaration signed by Lincoln from the United States when the founding of the United States in 1776 and Thomas Jefferson of the United States issued the Declaration of Independence, “We do not think these truths are true Metaphor: Everyone is born equal “is 187 years old, but the Negro has still not been able to obtain legally complete equal rights and freedoms. Moreover, Martin Luther King was assassinated and killed by racist elements in Tennessee on April 4, 1968. It can be seen that the history of racial discrimination in the United States is long and serious. However, with the development of the civil rights movement in the first half of the 20th century, the Supreme Court of the United States passed a series of judgments announcing the unconstitutional and ineffective laws of racial discrimination in the southern states and directly promoted the Congress’s adoption of the Equal Rights Bill in 1964 The legal issue of racial discrimination has been eliminated. The issue of racial discrimination is legally settled, but it does not mean that equality is fully achieved in all respects and in practice. Americans believe that equality in education and equality in education are at the core of social fairness and social equality and are a long-sought goal. Up to now, the U.S. government and the American people have taken many effective measures in pursuit of equality in education and education. Also achieved very good results.

[American educational concept] 3

Third, education is the guarantee of social freedom. The pioneer of this advanced educational concept is Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States. This is Thomas Jefferson, the first advocate of this idea in Great Britain, because his influence on American education is far-reaching.

For Jefferson, in fact, Americans and even people all over the world and historians have rated him even more than Washington and called him a democratic fighter who is anti-authoritarian and anti-tyranny; his life-long devotion to tyranny, tyranny to abstinence, freedom, Democracy is longing for no end and for the rest of his life, the United States calls it the “Prince of Freedom,” the “Father of Democracy.” His noble character and lofty realm are of great concern to the freedom and well-being of mankind, and his great achievements Has not only affected the United States but also affected the entire world. It will last forever and mankind will increasingly enjoy the well-being of a civilized system established by his ideological heart. The company is located in:

As a result of his understanding of education, Jefferson devoted his life to the development of education. He was the first person in the United States to propose a complete primary education. He proposed that citizens should fulfill their obligations to complete primary education. Jefferson wrote an epitaph for himself during his lifetime, saying that after I died, I put the engraving of his own coffin on his tombstone without adding a word, which he hopes people will remember. He wrote:

The United States Declaration of Independence and the Virginia Freedom of Religion Act, author of Thomas Jefferson, the father of the University of Virginia, were buried here.

The epitaph is very plain. Jefferson’s magnificent great life is finished with two lines. In the eyes of people, Jefferson, who had been president for eight years and appraised it so much, did three things: two articles, one school. The Virginia Code of Religious Freedom is about 2000 words translated into Chinese and is not written by himself. He is only the lead author, plus one university, and so on. Today it seems that history has proved that the future of mankind will also continue to prove that these three things must never be underestimated. The strength and prosperity that the United States can have today are closely linked to these three things.

Look at the first thing, the Declaration of Independence. This “Declaration of Independence” is an entry into the fight by the United States out of British colonial rule. It chronicles all the misdeeds and atrocities of the British colonial rule in the Americas (the 13 states in the United States) and announces the fact that we ten It is just right for the three states to be independent and just. From then on, the people of the 13 states of the United States, inspired by the Declaration of Independence, started the British colonial rulers with a rather feeble beginning. From there, there was the birth of the United States of America. The value of the Declaration of Independence is far more than that. For the first time in human history, the Declaration of Independence proclaimed solemnly to the world in an official and legally binding form that “we consider these truths to be self-evident: that all men are born equal, that they are The Creator gives them inherent, non-transferable rights, which include the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness …. The people have the right to change or abolish them in the event of any form of government compromising them … ” Advanced concept of human rights. The concept of natural rights and human rights proclaimed in the Declaration of Independence was enshrined in the Constitution of the United States of America and became the consensus of the American public, government and political parties. Since then, “everyone has become equal” became the American dream and became the dream Americans have pursued for more than two centuries.

The second thing is the Virginia Religious Freedom Act. This “decree” laid down the religious and religious policies of the United States so that there will be no major religious dispute or rejection of vendetta in the history of the United States, which is much better than in Europe and Asia. The Middle Ages in Europe have an endless chain of religious, heresy and fire burning scientists. It is in this “Act” that Jefferson stipulated that the coexistence of all religions and religions and the separation of religion from religion would strongly advocate the basic concepts of freedom of belief and religious narrowness. It can be said that such concepts make the coexistence and peaceful coexistence of the American religions peaceful and coexist with justice American religion really became the source of holiness, the source of morality, and became the spiritual home of people. He wrote in the Act: “Fallacies are not terrible, and if fallacies do not allow others to refute, they are terrible.” “If the power of the government interferes with the field of thought, then the government is corrupt.” The “Decree” strongly advocates Inclusive ideology and tolerance are filled with the highest ideals and wisdom of mankind, displaying the great ambition and spiritual realm of a great man and the human virtue of tolerance.

The third thing is to set up the University of Virginia. This is Jefferson’s another masterpiece. In his later years, he was determined to run education and built a school, running around and putting all his mind and body into this school. He personally site selection, planning, construction; personally selected textbooks, school motto, school rules, hired teachers, selected courses. Experts believe that the University of Virginia is still the most suitable place for study and research so far. The beautiful scenery, the natural environment and the cultural landscape blend with one another. With a broad and deep serenity, artistic conception, rich natural and humanistic atmosphere, the harmony between tradition and modernity fully demonstrates Jefferson The ideological realm and educational philosophy.

Jefferson attaches great importance to education, devotion to education, devotion to education in his later years with all his energy and wisdom. Why did he value education so much? He said: “Only a country composed of educated people can remain free.” He believes that he devoted his entire life to anti-authoritarianism and anti-tyranny, committed to establishing a democratic and free political system. If the people are not well educated, the state is not Constructed by educated people, his efforts and dreams will all come to naught, or collapse like a tower over the sand, or collapse like a mirage, after all, a fantasy. His whole life’s emphasis on education and his educational thoughts can be said to have laid the basic idea and basic framework for American education. The reason why today’s education in the United States has become the world’s source of strong drinking power has benefited from President Jefferson.

This educational concept has elevated American education to a realm closely related to democracy and freedom in the United States. As Jefferson once said repeatedly, democracy and freedom in a country can only be guaranteed forever. On the contrary, a country composed of uneducated people is a hotbed of autocracy and tyranny. However, the successors of the United States continue to enrich and develop this concept of education, which has become a widely accepted value among society and the public. This concept has influenced the education of the United States for more than 200 years. This concept has given birth to innate independence and social education in the United States Conscience, so that the United States will never have the dictatorship and tyranny of the hiding place.